Peter Miller: Universal wave breaking in the semi-classical sine-Gordon equation

Submitted by Jorge Cisneros on

Speaker: Peter Miller, Michigan

Date: January 14, 2021

Title: Universal wave breaking in the semi-classical sine-Gordon equation

Abstract: The sine-Gordon equation has slowly-modulated librational wave solutions that are approximated at leading-order by a Whitham averaging formalism. The Whitham modulation equations are an elliptic quasilinear system whose solutions develop singularities in finite time. We show that when the solution of the Whitham system develops a generic type of gradient catastrophe singularity, the solution of the sine-Gordon equation locally takes on a universal form, independent of initial data and described in terms of the real tritronquée solution of the Painlevé-I equation and a two-parameter family of exact solutions of sine-Gordon that represent space-time localized defects on an otherwise periodic background wave.  This is joint work with Bing-Ying Lu.